What is Hepatitis - Adenovirus Type I?
There are 2 kinds of canine adenovirus: Canine Adenovirus Type 1 (CAV-1), which produces hepatitis and Canine Adenovirus Type 2 (CAV-2), which is less serious & produces a cough but can turn into pneumonia if not treated. Hepatitis Canine Adenovirus Type 1 is a nasty hepatitis virus that attacks the pets liver. And this is highly contagious and sometimes fatal, especially in unvaccinated puppies.
Causes of Adenovirus 1 in Dogs
Adenovirus 1 is a contagious disease which is spread from dog to dog. Dogs may catch the virus from another dog who is sick with the disease or one who has recently recovered. Some dogs may carry and spread the virus without manifesting symptoms. The virus is more commonly present where there are large populations of dogs congregated in one place, such as a kennel or an animal rescue center.
Common methods of transmission include:
#Eating infected feces.
#Saliva or mucus transported through the air (a cough or sneeze from an infected dog)
#Contact with contaminated urine.
#Staying in a kennel where there are other infected dogs.
#Spending time in a dog park or crowded dog walking area.
The virus will survive on its own for several months, so contaminated surfaces remain dangerous for quite some time. The most effective method for preventing infection from contaminated surfaces is cleaning with a bleach solution. Dogs who are too young to receive vaccinations are the most susceptible to the disease.
Symptoms of Hepatitis-Adenovirus Type I?
At first you might notice a sore throat, coughing, or even pneumonia as it attacks the tonsils & larynx. Once the virus gets into the bloodstream and attacks organs you will notice other symptoms. The inside of the mouth & mucous can get a yellow color. Hemorrhages such as nose bleeds or small bruises on the skin. Staggering or blindness. The pet may have a cloudy or bluish tint to the eyes for a short time. (which is where the nickname “hepatitis blue eye” comes from). As it causes liver & kidney fail, you might notice increased thrist, seizures, vomiting, and/or diarrhea, fever, depression, abdominal pain.
Death can result as soon as 2 hours after the initial signs. Sometimes pets with this virus just suddenly die without you noticing any of the symptoms. They can be alive one minute, then you find them dead. In this case, it’s common for families to wonder if their pet got into poisons.
Test intented use
Canine Adenovirus Type-II Ag Test is a sandwich lateral flow immunochromatographic assay for the qualitative detection of canine Adenovirus type-II (CAV-II Ag) in dog’s secretions.
#Collect dog’s ocular and nasopharyngeal secretions with the swab stick. #Make the swab wet sufficiently.
#Insert the wet swab into the provided assay buffer tube. Agitate it to assure good sample extraction.
#If using serum sample, please do a dilution of 1:2 with the provided assay buffer.
#Take out the cassette from the foil pouch and place it horizontally.
#Gradually drip 2-3 drops of sample extraction into the sample hole “S”.
#Interpret the result in 5-10 minutes.