How Would My Dog Get Rabies?
Since animals who have rabies secrete large amounts of virus in their saliva, the disease is primarily passed to dogs through a bite from an infected animal. It can also be transmitted through a scratch or when infected saliva makes contact with mucous membranes or an open, fresh wound. The risk runs highest if your dog or any pet is exposed to wild animals. The most common carriers of the rabies virus in this country are bats, raccoons, skunks and foxes. In the United States, rabies is reported in cats more than in any domestic species. If there are also cats in your household, it’s important to make sure they are vaccinated and kept indoors.
Rabies in Dogs
Rabies is a virus that may affect the brain and spinal cord of all mammals, including dogs, cats and humans. The disease has been reported in every state except Hawaii, and everywhere throughout the world. Annually, rabies causes the deaths of more than 50,000 humans and millions of animals worldwide. Once symptoms appear, the disease results in fatality.
How Long After Infection do Signs of Rabies Show?
The virus usually incubates from two to eight weeks before signs are noticed. However, transmission of the virus through saliva can happen as early as ten days before symptoms appear.
Which Dogs Are Most at Risk for Contracting Rabies?
Unvaccinated dogs who are allowed to roam outdoors without supervision are most at risk for infection. They’re exposed to wild animals and have a greater chance of fighting with infected stray dogs or cats.
What Are the General Symptoms of Rabies?
Initially, a dog who’s become infected may show extreme behavioral changes such as restlessness or apprehension, both of which may be compounded by aggression. Friendly dogs may become irritable, while normally excitable animals may become more docile. A dog may bite or snap at any form of stimulus, attacking other animals, humans and even inanimate objects. They may constantly lick, bite and chew at the site where they were bitten. A fever may also be present at this stage.
As the virus progresses, an infected dog may become hypersensitive to touch, light and sound. They may eat unusual things and hide in dark places. Paralysis of the throat and jaw muscles may follow, resulting in the well-known symptom of foaming at the mouth. Disorientation, incoordination and staggering may occur, caused by paralysis of the hind legs. Other classic signs of rabies include loss of appetite, weakness, seizures and sudden death.
Human exposure of Rabies
Facts: In the United States, 45,000 peoples were exposed and required post-exposure vaccination and antibody injections during 2006.
If an animal bites a human, the animal will be either quarantined or observed for a period of at least ten days to ensure that it does not have rabies. People that do become exposed to a rabid animal can be given post exposure vaccinations and a globulin (antibody) injection to protect them against becoming infected. Any person bitten by an animal should wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water and seek medical attention immediately.
What are the symptoms of Rabies in humans?
Rabies is a very serious viral infection that targets the brain and nervous system. Symptoms in humans can include:
#a high temperature (fever)
#an irrational fear of water (hydrophobia)
#sensitivity to light (photophobia)
#fear of drafts of air (aerophobia)
#confusion or aggressive behaviour
Toxoplasmosis in Cats
Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, which can be found in garden soil and raw meat. Cats can get toxoplasma infection by killing and eating infected prey. The disease can also be passed on from cats to humans.
How Do Cats Get Toxoplasmosis?
Cats most often become carriers of toxoplasmosis by killing and eating wild animals who have been infected-a good reason not to let your cat outside to hunt! A cat may also contract the disease should he come into contact with an infected cat’s feces. Once a cat is infected, the parasite multiplies in his intestines until immature eggs called oocysts are shed in his feces. Infected cats can shed oocysts for up to two weeks after initial infection.
What Are the Symptoms of Toxoplasmosis in Cats?
Most cats become immune to the disease through exposure to the parasite. However, those who aren’t already immune may have mild diarrhea and a loss of appetite; the disease can also affect a feline’s lungs, liver and nervous system. Kittens exposed to the parasite while still in the womb are most vulnerable and are more likely than adult cats to show symptoms.
How Can People Catch Toxoplasmosis?
Although people can be infected through contact with cat feces, the far more common way for someone to have contact with the parasite that causes toxoplasmosis is through unhygienic handling of raw or undercooked meat, drinking contaminated water and exposure to garden soil or sandboxes where infected cats may have defecated. People do not get the disease through direct contact with the cat himself.
Can Humans Get Toxoplasmosis from Cats?
People with weakened immune systems run the greatest risk of contracting toxoplasmosis. If a woman is infected while pregnant, the growing fetus can also become infected. This can result in cysts in the fetus’ brain, and can lead to developmental abnormalities, miscarriage or stillbirth. People with compromised immune systems are susceptible to a number of infections and should take the proper hygienic precautions to protect themselves against exposure to the disease.
What Are the Symptoms of Toxoplasmosis in Humans?
People who are affected by toxoplasmosis may have fever, shortness of breath and neurological problems, such as seizures and lack of coordination. Those in relatively good health will usually show no signs or simply have mild, flu-like symptoms.
#Collect animal’s fresh feces with a swab stick.
#Insert the wet swab into the provided tube with assay buffer. Agitate it to assure good sample extraction.
#If using serum sample, please do a dilution of 1:3 with the provided assay buffer.
#Take out the cassette from the foil pouch and place it horizontally.
#Gradually drip 2-3 drops of sample extraction into the sample hole .
#Interpret the result in 5-10 minutes.