What is bacterial vaginosis (BV)
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an infection in the vagina. BV is caused by changes in the amount of certain types of bacteria in vagina. BV is common, and any woman can get it. BV is easily treatable with medicine. But if left untreated, it can raise your risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and cause problems during pregnancy.
Causes of bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) occurs in vagina when there's a change in the natural balance of bacteria. Vagina should contain bacteria called lactobacilli, which produce lactic acid. This makes the vagina slightly acidic, which prevents other bacteria from growing there.
Women with BV tend to have a temporary shortage of lactobacilli, which means their vagina isn't as acidic as it should be. This allows other types of bacteria to grow.
What are the signs and symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?
Around half of women with bacterial vaginosis will not have any signs and symptoms at all, or may not be aware of them. If you do get symptoms you might notice a change in your usual vaginal discharge. This may increase, become thin and watery, change to a white/grey colour and develop a strong, unpleasant, fishy smell, especially after sexual intercourse. Bacterial vaginosis is not usually associated with soreness, itching or irritation.
What are the possible complications of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?
BV and pregnancy
The untreated BV during pregnancy, have a slightly increased risk of developing some complications of pregnancy. These include: miscarriage, preterm birth, having a low birth-weight baby, developing an infection of the womb (uterus) after childbirth.
This Test Device is intend to measure the vaginal pH for aid in the diagnosis of Bacterial vaginosis.
An acidic vaginal pH value of 3.8 to 4.5 is a basic requirement for the optimal functioning of the body’s own system of protecting the vagina. This system can effectively avoid colonization by pathogens and the occurrence of vaginal infections. The most important and most natural protection against vaginal problems is therefore a healthy vaginal flora.
This Test is a reliable, hygienic, pain-free method of determining the vaginal pH level.
As soon as the convex pH measurement zone on the applicator comes into contact with vaginal secretion, a color change occurs that can be assigned to a value on the color scale. This value is the test result.
The vaginal applicator consists of a round handle area and an insertion tube of approx. 2 inch in length. On one side at the tip of the insertion tube is a window, where the indicator area of the pH strip is located (pH measurement zone).
The round handle makes it safe to touch the vaginal applicators. The vaginal applicator is inserted approx. one inch into the vagina and the pH measurement zone is pressed gently against the back wall of the vagina. This moistens the pH measurement zone with vaginal secretion. The vaginal applicator is then removed from the vagina and the pH level is read.
1. Wash your hands before starting the test.
2. Open the package, remove a test and open the foil. Only touch the test in the round handle area.
3. Hold the test in the handle area between your thumb and index finger,
4. Avoid the pH measurement zone coming into contact with other liquids.
5. Insert the vaginal test gently into the vagina,
6. Now press the inserted tube against the back wall of the vagina with light pressure for approx. 10 seconds (pushing back towards the rectum), so that the pH measurement zone becomes well moistened. Sufficient moisture is very important for the test evaluation.
7. Now carefully remove the vaginal applicator from the vagina.
Interpretation of result
Read the result immediately after removing the vaginal test, while the measurement zone is still damp. Compare the color in the pH measurement zone with the color scale on the foil packaging and note the value on the color scale that is most similar to the pH level you have measured. After evaluation, you may dispose the used test as the regular household waste.