Causes of Chlamydia
Chlamydia is caused by the C. trachomatis bacteria. The bacteria can survive in the cells of the cervix (neck of the womb) and urethra. This is the tube that carries urine from the bladder and out through the penis or vulva. The bacteria can also survive in the rectum (back passage) and sometimes in your throat and eyes.
Chlamydia is passed from one person to another through unprotected zex. You can get chlamydia if you come into contact with semen or vaginal fluids from someone who already has the infection. It can also be passed from a pregnant woman to her baby during delivery.
Symptoms of chlamydia
You can pass on the infection to a sexual partner without knowing it. Around half of men and seven in 10 women with chlamydia don't have any symptoms.
If you do have symptoms, you may start to notice these between one and three weeks after being infected. However, you might not notice any symptoms until months after coming into contact with the infection.
In women, symptoms to look out for are:
unusual discharge from the vagina – such as a cloudy or yellow discharge
bleeding from the vagina after zex or between periods
pain in the lower abdomen (tummy) or pelvis
pain when passing urine
pain during zex
In men, symptoms to look out for are:
a milky discharge from the penis
pain when passing urine
swelling in the testicles
If infected semen or vaginal fluid comes into contact with your eyes, you can get an eye infection called conjunctivitis.
Chlamydia test kit
Chlamydia is the most common bacteria-related STI and can cause serious health problems if it is left untrated. Symptoms include irregular discharge or pain during urination, but most of the time chlamydia shows no symptoms, so it's important to get regularly tested.
The biggest health concern for men with untreated chlamydia is infertility, as the infection can have a negative impact on sperm function. This is because the infection can cause the sperm tubes (vas deferens) and the testicles to become inflamed. Men are also at risk of prostatitis and epididymitis. For women, the infection can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can cause scarring and infertility. PID can also damage the fallopian tubes, sometimes irreparably.
This test kit is used for in vitro qualitative detection of Chlamydia trachomatis Antigen for female cervical swabs and male urethral swab.
1.Ensure swabs contain a sufficient amount of microorganisms to be tested.
Female cervix sampling:
Before collect, wipe the cervix excessive mucus with cotton swabs, then insert the sampling swab into the cervix 1-1.5cm, twirling swab several times and take out after 5-10s.
Male urethra sampling:
1. Sampling with male urethra swab,before sampling the patient should not urinate at least 2 hours.
2. Insert the swab into the urethra 2-4cm, twirling swab several times and take out after 5-10s.
1. Drop diluent A 300µL into sample processing tube vertically, put the sampling swab in immediately, squeeze sample processing tube, turn the swab 15 times, then keep the swab in the sample processing tube stand for 2mins.
2. Drop diluent B 300µL into sample processing tube vertically, squeeze sample processing tube, turn the swab 15 times, then keep the swab in the sample processing tube stand for 1 minute, squeeze the swab along the wall and then take out to abandon, cover the dripper of sample processing tube.
1. Open the pouch and take out the test cassette, put on the flat.
2. Drop 3 drops of processed specimen on the cassette.
3. Read result within 15~20mins,beyond 25mins,the result is invalid.