How syphilis is spread
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum and is mainly spread through close contact with an infected sore.
Anyone who's sexually active is potentially at risk.
Pregnant women with syphilis can also pass the infection to their unborn baby.
It may be possible to catch syphilis if you're an injecting drug user and you share needles with somebody who's infected, or through blood transfusions.
Symptoms of syphilis
The symptoms of syphilis aren't always obvious and may eventually disappear, but you'll usually remain infected unless you get treated.
Some people with syphilis have no symptoms.
Symptoms can include:
small, painless sores or ulcers that typically appear on the penis, vagina, or around the anus, but can occur in other places such as the mouth
a blotchy red rash that often affects the palms of the hands or soles of the feet
small skin growths (similar to genital warts) that may develop on the vulva in women or around the anus in both men and women
white patches in the mouth
tiredness, headaches, joint pains, a high temperature (fever), and swollen glands in the neck, groin or armpits
If it's left untreated for years, syphilis can spread to the brain or other parts of the body and cause serious, long-term problems.
The disease is highly contagious however infected individuals are often unaware of infection. The infection occurs in three stages.
The primary infection manifests 10-90 days following exposure and causes small painless sores commonly in the genital region or around the mouth.
The secondary infection lasts up to three months and causes a rosy “copper penny” rash on the palms and feet, groin warts, swollen lymph glands, fever and weight loss.
The final stage of infection can lead to more severe problems with the heart, brain and nervous system, leading to paralysis, blindness, dementia, deafness, impotence and death.
This Test is a chromatographic immunoassay for the qualitative detection of antibodies to Treponema pallidum(TP) in human serum.Two Purified recombinant antigens of TP are used in test band as capture materials and gold conjugates.
If the antibody of AntiTP is present in the sample in concentration above the labeled, complex will be formed.
This complex is then captured by antigens immobilized in the Test Zone of the membrane, producing a visible pink/rose color band on the membrane.
The color intensity will depend on the concentration ofthe antiTP present in the sample. This test is very sensitive and only takesabout 15 minutes. Test results are read visually without any instrument
1.Read the instruction manual.
2. Remove the test from its sealed pouch, and place it on a clean, level surface. Label the device with patient or control identification. For best results, the assay should be performed within one hour.
3. Add 2 drops of specimen above to the specimen well and then add 1 drop of buffer, start the timer.
4. Wait for the colored bands to appear. The result should be read at 10 minutes. Do not interpret the result after 20 minute