What is Hepatitis B ?
Hepatitis B is the most common liver infection in the world and is caused by the hepatitis B virus. The hepatitis B virus enters the body and travels to the liver via the bloodstream.
In the liver, the virus attaches to healthy liver cells and multiplies. This replication of the virus then triggers a response from the body’s immune system.
People are often unaware they have been infected with the hepatitis B at this stage.
The liver is the main site of hepatitis B viral multiplication. Hepatitis B infection can lead to cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer or liver failure if it is not diagnosed and managed.
Worldwide, 240 million people have been infected with hepatitis B and about 600 000 people die every year due to the consequences of hepatitis B.
Causes of hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus. It can spread between people by contact with an infected person’s blood or other body fluids, for example, semen or vaginal fluid.
The virus can survive outside your body for up to seven days. During that time, the virus can still cause infection if it enters the body of a person who isn’t immune.
The hepatitis B virus can be spread:
from mother to baby (usually during childbirth)
through sharing contaminated needles and syringes to inject drugs
through sharing razors or toothbrushes that are contaminated with small amounts of infected blood
through an open wound
from contaminated tattooing equipment that isn't sterilised properly
by receiving blood from an infected donor in countries where blood isn't tested
by having unprotected zex
Symptoms of hepatitis B
Many people with hepatitis B won't experience any symptoms and may fight off the virus without realising they had it.
If symptoms do develop, they tend to occur two or three months after exposure to the hepatitis B virus. Symptoms of hepatitis B include:
flu-like symptoms, including
tiredness, a fever, and general aches and pains,
loss of appetite, feeling and being sick,
yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
These symptoms will usually pass within one to three months (acute hepatitis B), although occasionally the infection can last for six months or more (chronic hepatitis B).
Hepatitis B test kit (5 in 1 test) -screening of HBsAg,HBsAb,HBeAg,HBeAb,HBcAb
This Panel Test, is a rapid immunochromatography assay for the qualitative detection of the markers of Hepatitis B virus including Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg), Hepatitis B virus surface antibody (anti-HBs/HBsAb), Hepatatis B virus envelope antigen (HBeAg), Hepatatis B virus envelope antibody (HBeAb/anti-HBe) and Hepatatis B virus core antibody (anti-HBc/HBcAb) in human serum, plasma or whole blood specimens.
HBsAg Negative Been exposed in the past
please click below : for Interpretation Of test result
1. Remove the test device from the sealed foil pouch.
2. Place the test device on a flat horizontal surface and label the test device with specimen identity.
3. Pipette 2 to 3 drops of blood specimen in each sample well
4. dispense 2 drops of dilluent in a vertical position into the each sample well individually.
5. Read the result at 20 minutes after adding the sample.